Document Detail


Hemorrhagic shock impairs myocardial cell volume regulation and membrane integrity in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3591969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An in vitro myocardial slice technique was used to quantitate alterations in cell volume regulation and membrane integrity after 2 h of hemorrhagic shock. After in vitro incubation in Krebs-Ringer-phosphate medium containing trace [14C]inulin, values (ml H2O/g dry wt) for control nonshocked myocardial slices were 4.03 +/- 0.11 (SE) for total water, 2.16 +/- 0.07 for inulin impermeable space, and 1.76 +/- 0.15 for inulin diffusible space. Shocked myocardial slices showed impaired response to cold incubation (0 degrees C, 60 min). After 2 h of in vivo shock, total tissue water, inulin diffusible space, and inulin impermeable space increased significantly (+19.2 +/- 2.4, +8.1 +/- 1.9, +34.4 +/- 6.1%, respectively) for subendocardium, whereas changes in subepicardium parameters were minimal. Shock-induced cellular swelling was accompanied by an increased total tissue sodium, but no change in tissue potassium. Calcium entry blockade in vivo (lidoflazine, 20 micrograms X kg-1 X min-1 during the last 60 min of shock) significantly reduced subendocardial total tissue water as compared with shock-untreated dogs. In addition, calcium entry blockade reduced shock-induced increases in inulin impermeable space and inulin diffusible space. In vitro myocardial slice studies confirm alterations in subendocardial membrane integrity after 2 h of in vivo hemorrhagic shock. Shock-induced abnormalities in myocardial cell volume regulation are reduced by calcium entry blockade in vivo.
Authors:
J W Horton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  252     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1987 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-07-15     Completed Date:  1987-07-15     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H1203-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia
Animals
Calcium / metabolism
Cell Membrane / ultrastructure*
Cell Membrane Permeability
Coronary Circulation / drug effects
Dogs
Female
Hemodynamics
Intracellular Fluid
Inulin / metabolism
Lidoflazine / pharmacology
Male
Myocardium / cytology*
Shock, Hemorrhagic / pathology*
Temperature
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
3416-26-0/Lidoflazine; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 9005-80-5/Inulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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