Document Detail

Hemorheologic alterations induced by incremental treadmill exercise in thoroughbreds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7944028     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hemorheologic alterations induced by incremental treadmill exercise were examined in 5 Thoroughbreds. Blood viscosity; PCV; RBC filterability, density gradient profile, and shape; serum and RBC electrolyte concentrations; and plasma total solids and lactate concentrations were measured before exercise, at treadmill speeds of 9 and 13 m/s, and 10 minutes after exercise. Exercise was associated with significant (P < 0.05) increases in PCV, blood viscosity, and plasma total solids concentration. After adjustment of PCV to 40% by adding or removing each horse's own plasma, blood viscosity remained significantly greater in the sample obtained at 13 m/s, compared with that in samples taken at rest. Filterability of RBC was significantly decreased at 13 m/s, compared with values from other sampling times. During exercise, a significantly greater proportion of the RBC were less dense and were found in the upper layers of the RBC density gradient profile, compared with resting values. This change was associated with a significant increase in RBC mean cell volume. Rapid increases in serum sodium and potassium concentrations during exercise were accompanied by significant increases in RBC potassium and chloride concentrations. This study revealed a consistent pattern of hemorheologic alterations associated with exercise in Thoroughbreds, suggesting that multiple hemorheologic tests are needed to adequately define these complex alterations during exercise in horses.
R J Geor; D J Weiss; C M Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  1994 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-04     Completed Date:  1994-11-04     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  854-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical and Population Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Viscosity / physiology
Cell Count
Erythrocyte Deformability / physiology
Erythrocytes / cytology
Horses / blood*
Lactates / blood
Lactic Acid
Physical Exertion / physiology*
Potassium / blood
Running / physiology
Sodium / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lactates; 50-21-5/Lactic Acid; 7440-09-7/Potassium; 7440-23-5/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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