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Hemophagocytic syndrome in a cat with multiple myeloma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23278382     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An 11-year-old, castrated male, Domestic Medium Hair cat was presented to the University of Florida Small Animal Hospital with a 2-week history of upper respiratory infection and increased serum globulins, as reported by the referring veterinarian. Physical examination was unremarkable other than melanosis of the left iris, with no evidence of ocular, nasal, or respiratory disease. Laboratory abnormalities included moderate nonregenerative anemia, mild leukopenia, mild hyperfibrinogenemia, severe hyperglobulinemia, mild hypoalbuminemia, and hypocholesterolemia. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasonographic examination revealed mild splenomegaly with no other abnormalities. Thoracic radiographs revealed no abnormalities. Cytologic evaluation of fine-needle aspirates from the spleen, liver, and bone marrow revealed numerous plasma cells and many vacuolated macrophages exhibiting marked phagocytosis of mature erythrocytes and platelets, occasionally metarubricytes and leukocytes, and rarely plasma cells. The cytologic interpretation was multiple myeloma and associated hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS). Serum protein electrophoresis revealed a monoclonal gammopathy, providing further evidence for a multiple myeloma. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of HPS secondary to neoplasia in a cat.
Authors:
Mark D Dunbar; Sarah Lyles
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary clinical pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-165X     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Clin Pathol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9880575     Medline TA:  Vet Clin Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology.
Affiliation:
Department of Physiological Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
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