Document Detail

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) Associated with Plasmodium vivax Infection: Case Report and Review of the Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22247919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an unusual syndrome characterized by fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenias, hypertriglyceridemia, hypofibrinogenemia, and pathologic findings of hemophagocytosis in the bone marrow and other tissues. HLH may be familial or associated with different types of infections, autoimmune disorders, or malignancies. Infection-associated HLH has been reported in various viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections, and case reports of parasitic infections implicated in HLH include rare cases from Plasmodium vivax infection, which occasionally affects both military personnel and civilians in Korea. We describe an unusual case of HLH resulting from Plasmodium vivax infection and review the literature. This case suggests that clinical suspicion of HLH is important when P. vivax infection is accompanied by cytopenias. Administration of antimalarial drugs may prevent irreversible end organ damage resulting from P. vivax-associated HLH.
Pil Soo Sung; In Ho Kim; Jae Ho Lee; Jong Won Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-12-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chonnam medical journal     Volume:  47     ISSN:  2233-7393     ISO Abbreviation:  Chonnam Med J     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-16     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101564659     Medline TA:  Chonnam Med J     Country:  Korea (South)    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  173-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
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