Document Detail

Hemoperitoneum semiquantitative analysis on admission of blunt trauma patients improves the prediction of massive transfusion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22980362     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to define whether the semiquantitative analysis of hemoperitoneum increases the accuracy of early prediction of massive transfusion (MT). METHODS: A retrospective review of severe trauma patients consecutively admitted to our trauma intensive care unit between January 2005 and December 2009 was conducted. Patients diagnosed with blunt abdominal trauma who had a computed tomography scan on admission were included. The hemoperitoneum size was defined using the Federle score on computed tomography as large, moderate, or minimal/none. The association between MT (≥10 U of packed red blood cells in the first 24 h) and moderate and large sizes of hemoperitoneum was assessed using a multiple logistic model. RESULTS: Of the 381 patients meeting the inclusion criteria, 270 (71%) were male; the mean age was 35.5 ± 18.2 years and mean injury severity score was 23.4 ± 17. Ninety-seven (26%) had large hemoperitoneum, 107 (28%) had moderate hemoperitoneum, and 177 (46%) had minimal/no hemoperitoneum. Eighty-three patients (22%) required MT. The positive predictive value for MT of a large hemoperitoneum was 41%, 23% for a moderate hemoperitoneum, and 10% for minimal/no hemoperitoneum (P < .001). The corresponding values for hypotensive patients were 61%, 32%, and 25%, respectively (P < .001). In the multivariate analysis model, only the large size of hemoperitoneum was significantly associated with MT (OR 6.4, 95% CI 2.9-14, P < .001, r(2) = 0.47). CONCLUSION: The assessment of the size of hemoperitoneum on admission substantially improves the prediction of MT in trauma patients and should be used to trigger and guide initial haemostatic resuscitation.
Jonathan Charbit; Martin Mahul; Jean-Paul Roustan; Pascal Latry; Ingrid Millet; Patrice Taourel; Xavier Capdevila
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8171     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309942     Medline TA:  Am J Emerg Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Lapeyronie University Hospital, Montpellier, F-34295 Cedex 5, France. Electronic address:
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