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Hemodynamics of the mouse abdominal aortic aneurysm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22206425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a significant cause of death and disability in the Western world and is the subject of many clinical and pathological studies. One of the most commonly used surrogates of the human AAA is the angiotensin II (Ang II) induced model used in mice. Despite the widespread use of this model, there is a lack of knowledge concerning its hemodynamics; this study was motivated by the desire to understand the fluid dynamic environment of the mouse AAA. Numerical simulations were performed using three subject-specific mouse models in flow conditions typical of the mouse. The numerical results from one model showed a shed vortex that correlated with measurements observed in vivo by Doppler ultrasound. The other models had smaller aneurysmal volumes and did not show vortex shedding, although a recirculation zone was formed in the aneurysm, in which a vortex could be observed, that elongated and remained attached to the wall throughout the systolic portion of the cardiac cycle. To link the hemodynamics with aneurysm progression, the remodeling that occurred between week one and week two of the Ang II infusion was quantified and compared with the hemodynamic wall parameters. The strongest correlation was found between the remodeled distance and the oscillatory shear index, which had a correlation coefficient greater than 0.7 for all three models. These results demonstrate that the hemodynamics of the mouse AAA are driven by a strong shear layer, which causes the formation of a recirculation zone in the aneurysm cavity during the systolic portion of the cardiac waveform. The recirculation zone results in areas of quiescent flow, which are correlated with the locations of the aneurysm remodeling.
Matthew D Ford; Ariel T Black; Richard Y Cao; Colin D Funk; Ugo Piomelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanical engineering     Volume:  133     ISSN:  1528-8951     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech Eng     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909584     Medline TA:  J Biomech Eng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121008     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, CanadaDepartment of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, CanadaDepartment of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada.
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