Document Detail

Hemodynamic and oxygen transport patterns after head trauma and brain death: implications for management of the organ donor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17993948     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to describe the temporal hemodynamic and oxygen transport patterns of patients with head injuries as well as the patterns of those who became brain dead to better understand the role of underlying central regulatory hemodynamic mechanisms and ultimately to improve rates of organ donation. METHODS: We studied 388 consecutive noninvasively monitored patients with severe head trauma; 79 of these became brain dead. Monitoring was started shortly after admission to the emergency department and was designed to describe the sequence of cardiac, pulmonary, and tissue perfusion functions by cardiac index (CI), mean arterial pressure, heart rate, arterial saturation by pulse oximetry (Sapo2), and transcutaneous oxygen and carbon dioxide (Ptco2/Fio2 and Ptcco2) patterns. The latter were used as markers of tissue perfusion or oxygenation. RESULTS: Patients with head injuries who subsequently became brain dead initially had low CI with poor tissue perfusion beginning shortly after emergency department admission. This was followed by a prolonged period characterized by high CI (4.43 +/- 1.3 L x min(-1) x m2) and enhanced tissue oxygenation (Ptco2/Fio2 238 +/- 186). In the late or end stage of brain death, hemodynamic deterioration and collapse led rapidly to arrest. In attempts to maintain hemodynamic stability for organ donation, the effects of various therapies on the hemodynamic patterns were preliminarily described. CONCLUSIONS: The hyperdynamic state with exaggerated peripheral tissue perfusion or oxygenation in brain-dead patients associated with loss of central vasoconstrictive mechanisms of the stress response resulted in unopposed peripheral metabolic vasodilatation producing high CI and tissue perfusion.
Howard Belzberg; William C Shoemaker; Charles C J Wo; Timothy P Nicholls; Alexis B C Dang; Vladimir Zelman; J Peter Gruen; Thomas V Berne; Demetrios Demetriades
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of trauma     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1529-8809     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-12     Completed Date:  2008-01-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376373     Medline TA:  J Trauma     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1032-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Surgery, Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center, CA 90033, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Gas Analysis
Blood Pressure
Brain Death / blood,  metabolism*,  physiopathology
Cardiac Output
Craniocerebral Trauma / metabolism*,  physiopathology,  therapy
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Physiologic / methods
Oxygen / metabolism*
Tissue Donors*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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