Document Detail


Hemodynamic influences on sinus node recovery time: effects of autonomic blockade.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3958364     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ten patients with normal sinus node function were evaluated prospectively, to determine whether the decrease in blood pressure during rapid atrial pacing shortens the corrected sinus node recovery time. All patients had 30 seconds of atrial pacing at cycle lengths from 600 to 300 ms, with continuous arterial pressure monitoring, before and after intravenous administration of propranolol (0.2 mg/kg body weight) and atropine (0.04 mg/kg). In the control state, a decrease in corrected sinus node recovery time was recorded with faster atrial pacing rates, which was significantly related to the initial drop in systolic blood pressure at the onset of atrial pacing. Specifically, as the initial pressure drop increased from 15 mm Hg or less to 16 to 45 and 45 to 100 mm Hg, corrected sinus node recovery time decreased from 272 +/- 79 to 205 +/- 70 ms (p less than 0.04) and to 134 +/- 120 ms (p less than 0.04), respectively. In contrast, after autonomic blockade, the corrected sinus node recovery time was prolonged, in a near linear fashion, as atrial pacing rates increased. The magnitude of blood pressure drop with atrial pacing did not differ significantly from that in the control state at similar pacing rates. These findings suggest that hypotension during rapid atrial pacing activates autonomic reflexes that significantly shorten the corrected sinus node recovery time. Autonomic blockade negates this effect and the corrected sinus node recovery time prolongs with faster atrial pacing.
Authors:
P C Nalos; Z Deng; M E Rosenthal; E S Gang; D S Oseran; W J Mandel; T Peter
Related Documents :
8387254 - Bronchodilator, cardiovascular, and cyclic guanylyl monophosphate response to high-dose...
9249564 - Endothelin and nitric oxide interact to regulate stretch-induced anp secretion.
7972754 - Fetal lateral ventricles: reassessment of normal values for atrial diameter at us.
15781024 - Value of b-type natriuretic peptide for identifying significantly elevated pulmonary ar...
9516094 - Meconium aspiration induces a concentration-dependent pulmonary hypertensive response i...
3364464 - Computer models for designing hypertension experiments and studying concepts.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1986 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-05-15     Completed Date:  1986-05-15     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1079-86     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Autonomic Nervous System / physiology
Blood Pressure
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Female
Hemodynamics
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Sinoatrial Node / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
T32 HL07380/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: evaluating suspected inappropriate shocks.
Next Document:  Exercise tolerance and cardiorespiratory response to exercise after the Fontan operation for tricusp...