Document Detail


Hemodynamic effects of terlipressin (a synthetic analog of vasopressin) in healthy and endotoxemic sheep.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11546979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Hypotension, vasodilation, and vasoplegia are characteristic signs of septic shock. The vasoconstrictive response to catecholamines typically is reduced. A decreased vasopressive effect of catecholamines can be observed in the late phase of hemorrhagic shock. Interestingly, an unaltered vasopressive response to vasopressin can be demonstrated in hemorrhagic shock. In this study, we investigated the vasoconstrictive response to an agonist of the vasopressin receptor, terlipressin, in healthy sheep as well as in ovine hyperdynamic endotoxemia. DESIGN: Prospective controlled trial. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Six female adult sheep. INTERVENTIONS: Healthy sheep, instrumented for chronic study, received terlipressin (15 microg/kg) as a bolus; 30 mins later, norepinephrine was continuously given for 30 mins. Three hours later, a continuous infusion of endotoxin (Salmonella typhosa, 10 ng x kg(-1) x min(-1)) was started in the same sheep and given for the next 23 hrs. After 20 hrs of endotoxemia, terlipressin and norepinephrine were given as described previously. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Hemodynamic parameters were measured before and 30 mins after application of terlipressin and after 30 mins of continuous infusion of norepinephrine. Terlipressin significantly increased systemic vascular resistance index in healthy and endotoxemic sheep (p <.05). The increase was higher in endotoxemic compared with healthy animals (p <.05). Only during endotoxemia, terlipressin increased pulmonary vascular resistance index. This was accompanied by a significant decrease in cardiac index, whereas mean pulmonary arterial pressure did not change after application of terlipressin. Additional treatment with norepinephrine did not further increase systemic vascular resistance index or pulmonary vascular resistance index. CONCLUSIONS: Terlipressin reversed the hemodynamic changes in ovine endotoxemia. However, its pulmonary vasopressive effect might limit its therapeutic use in septic shock.
Authors:
M Scharte; J Meyer; H Van Aken; H G Bone
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0090-3493     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-07     Completed Date:  2001-10-04     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1756-60     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Klinik und Poliklinik für Anästhesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Münster, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Drug Interactions
Endotoxemia / drug therapy*
Female
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Lypressin / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology,  therapeutic use*
Norepinephrine / pharmacology
Sheep
Vasoconstrictor Agents / pharmacology,  therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Vasoconstrictor Agents; 14636-12-5/terlipressin; 50-57-7/Lypressin; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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