Document Detail

Hemodynamic effects of positive end-expiratory pressure during abdominal hyperpression: A preliminary study in healthy volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21514092     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: An increase in abdominal pressure induces an increase in left ventricular afterload under clinical conditions. We tested the hypothesis that positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) could reverse the hemodynamic consequences of abdominal hyperpression by opposing the increase in left ventricular afterload. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight healthy volunteers were investigated during 3 experimental conditions: (1) baseline, (2) increase in abdominal pressure by means of medical antishock trousers (MAST) inflation, and (3) addition of PEEP +10 cm H(2)O. Heart loading conditions and left ventricular systolic and diastolic function were assessed by transthoracic echocardiography. RESULTS: The application of PEEP significantly reduced the prior increase in end-systolic wall stress: 45 ± 11 vs 55 ± 14 kdyn/cm(2), P < .05. Medical antishock trousers inflation significantly altered the deceleration time of mitral E wave: 199 ± 23 vs 156 ± 38 milliseconds, P < .05. Left ventricular preload and global systolic performance were unaffected by MAST and PEEP applications. CONCLUSIONS: The increase in left ventricular afterload induced by MAST inflation can be efficiently reduced by the use of a moderate PEEP. Potential clinical applications in the abdominal compartment syndrome or in the setting of laparoscopic surgery should be developed.
Jean-Luc Fellahi; Vincent Caille; Cyril Charron; Georges Daccache; Antoine Vieillard-Baron
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of critical care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-8615     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610642     Medline TA:  J Crit Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, CHU de Caen, Caen, France; Univ Caen, Faculty of Medicine, Caen, France.
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