Document Detail

Hemodynamic effects of carbon dioxide insufflation during endoscopic vein harvesting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11016386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: A prospective study was performed assessing the hemodynamic effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation during endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH) using the Guidant Vasoview Uniport system. METHODS: Five hemodynamic and respiratory parameters (end-tidal carbon dioxide, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide, mean arterial pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, and cardiac output), were measured in 100 consecutive patients undergoing EVH with CO2 insufflation. Data were obtained prior to commencement of EVH, 15 minutes after commencement, and 5 minutes after completion of the vein harvesting. RESULTS: No adverse hemodynamic effects were observed during CO2 insufflation. Specifically, average mean arterial pressure went from 88.77+/-9.64 to 89.13+/-8.60 to 88.24+/-8.71 mm Hg before, during, and after endoscopic vein harvesting (p = 0.291). Likewise, average mean pulmonary artery pressures were 19.76+/-4.75, 20.05+/-4.48, and 20.05+/-4.62 mm Hg (p = 0.547); and average cardiac output was 4.25+/-0.74, 4.22+/-0.73, and 4.23+/-0.69 L/min (p = 0.109) at those three intervals. Additionally, there was no evidence of significant systemic absorption of CO2 as reflected in average arterial PCO2, which remained steady at 37.42+/-5.19, 37.51+/-4.59, and 38.10+/-4.80 mm Hg (p = 0.217); and average end-tidal CO2, which was 32.10+/-3.66, 32.50+/-3.47, and 32.38+/-3.33 mm Hg (p = 0.335). In a subset of 20 patients with elevated pulmonary arterial pressure (more than 32 mm Hg), there was also no significant change in any of the parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Carbon dioxide insufflation during EVH leads to no adverse hemodynamic consequences or systemic CO2 absorption. The technique appears to be safe and well tolerated.
R M Vitali; R C Reddy; P J Molinaro; M F Sabado; I J Jacobowitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-17     Completed Date:  2000-10-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1098-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Maimonides Medical Center and State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn 11203-2098, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology
Carbon Dioxide
Cardiac Output / physiology
Coronary Artery Bypass
Endoscopy / methods*
Hemodynamics / physiology*
Prospective Studies
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive / methods
Veins / surgery*
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

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