Document Detail


Hemodynamic benefits of synchronized 1:1 atrial pacing during sustained ventricular tachycardia with severely depressed ventricular function in coronary heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3984887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The hemodynamic effects of atrial pacing were studied in 8 patients who had ventricular tachycardia (VT) during electrophysiologic testing. These patients had chronic recurrent VT associated with organic heart disease and depression of left ventricular function (ejection fraction = 0.23 to 0.35). Hemodynamic variables were recorded during sinus rhythm (58 to 103 beats/min), pacing-induced VT (133 to 214 beats/min) and synchronized 1:1 triggered atrial pacing (atrium paced, ventricle sensed and triggered mode) during VT. For the latter, the ventriculoatrial coupling interval was adjusted to produce a maximal blood pressure response; the optimal interval was observed to be between 60% and 73% of the RR interval. Mean arterial blood pressure decreased after the onset of VT (90 +/- 11 to 79 +/- 14 mm Hg, p less than 0.05) but increased again when atrial pacing was added, to 98 +/- 12 mm Hg. Cardiac index decreased during VT (2.2 +/- 0.5 to 1.8 +/- 0.5 liters/min/m2 p less than 0.05), but in each case improved by the addition of atrial pacing, to 1.9 +/- 0.5 liters/min/m2. Evidence from pressure recordings suggested that optimal atrial pacing resulted in atrial contraction in early left ventricular diastole. Thus, appropriately timed atrial pacing during VT can result in significant increases in blood pressure and a consistent increase in cardiac index. In addition to offering insight into the mechanisms of hemodynamic compromise during VT, the clinical use of this technique may be to improve hemodynamic values in patients with hemodynamically unstable VT.
Authors:
A W Hamer; C A Zaher; S A Rubin; T Peter; W J Mandel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1985 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-05-07     Completed Date:  1985-05-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  990-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Blood Pressure
Cardiac Output
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial*
Coronary Disease / complications*,  physiopathology
Electrocardiography
Female
Heart Atria / physiopathology
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
Hemodynamics*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Contraction
Tachycardia / complications,  physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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