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Hemodynamic analysis of fast and slow aneurysm occlusions by flow diversion in rabbits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25332410     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To assess hemodynamic differences between aneurysms that occlude rapidly and those occluding in delayed fashion after flow diversion in rabbits.
METHODS: Thirty-six elastase-induced aneurysms in rabbits were treated with flow diverting devices. Aneurysm occlusion was assessed angiographically immediately before they were sacrificed at 1 (n=6), 2 (n=4), 4 (n=8) or 8 weeks (n=18) after treatment. The aneurysms were classified into a fast occlusion group if they were completely or near completely occluded at 4 weeks or earlier and a slow occlusion group if they remained incompletely occluded at 8 weeks. The immediate post-treatment flow conditions in aneurysms of each group were quantified using subject-specific computational fluid dynamics and statistically compared.
RESULTS: Nine aneurysms were classified into the fast occlusion group and six into the slow occlusion group. Aneurysms in the fast occlusion group were on average significantly smaller (fast=0.9 cm, slow=1.393 cm, p=0.024) and had smaller ostia (fast=0.144 cm(2), slow=0.365 cm(2), p=0.015) than aneurysms in the slow occlusion group. They also had a lower mean post-treatment inflow rate (fast=0.047 mL/s, slow=0.155 mL/s, p=0.0239), kinetic energy (fast=0.519 erg, slow=1.283 erg, p=0.0468), and velocity (fast=0.221 cm/s, slow=0.506 cm/s, p=0.0582). However, the differences in the latter two variables were only marginally significant.
CONCLUSIONS: Hemodynamic conditions after flow diversion treatment of cerebral aneurysms in rabbits are associated with the subsequent aneurysm occlusion time. Specifically, smaller inflow rate, kinetic energy, and velocity seem to promote faster occlusions, especially in smaller and small-necked aneurysms. These results are consistent with previous studies based on clinical series.
Authors:
Bongjae Chung; Fernando Mut; Ramanathan Kadirvel; Ravi Lingineni; David F Kallmes; Juan R Cebral
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurointerventional surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1759-8486     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neurointerv Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101517079     Medline TA:  J Neurointerv Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
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