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The Hemodynamic and Respiratory Effects of Cuirass Ventilation in Healthy Volunteers: Part 1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22795171     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Negative-pressure ventilation (NPV) by external cuirass (RTX; Deminax Medical Instruments Limited, London, UK) in intubated patients after cardiac surgery improves hemodynamics measured by pulmonary artery catheter (PAC)-based methods, with an increased cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV), without changing the heart rate (HR). The less-invasive pressure recording analytical method (PRAM) (Mostcare; Vytech Health srl, Padova, Italy) allows radial artery-based monitoring of the CO, SV, SV variation, and cardiac cycle efficiency (CCE). The authors investigated the hypothesis that NPV improves PRAM-based hemodynamics and arterial blood gas analysis in spontaneously breathing subjects. DESIGN: A clinical investigation. SETTING: A teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ten healthy volunteers. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects underwent 5 consecutive experimental ventilation modalities lasting 5 minutes: (1) baseline (no cuirass ventilation), (2) mode 1: cuirass ventilation with a continuous negative pressure of -20 cmH(2)O, (3) first rest period (no cuirass ventilation), (4) mode 2: cuirass ventilation in control mode of 12 breaths/min at -20 cmH(2)O, and (5) second rest period. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: PRAM parameters were analyzed throughout the final minute of each experimental modality, which concluded with arterial blood gas sampling. Both NPV modes significantly reduced HR without changing CO or systemic vascular resistance. Mode 1 significantly increased CCE and decreased SVV. PO(2) decreased in both rest modes compared with baseline. This was prevented by NPV. In 5 smokers, PO(2) significantly increased in the control mode compared with first rest period. The control mode NPV improved oxygenation with a reduced PCO(2) and reciprocally increased pH. CONCLUSIONS: Five minutes of NPV improves hemodynamics and oxygenation in healthy subjects.
William T McBride; Giulia Ranaldi; Mark J Dougherty; Tommaso Siciliano; Brian Trethowan; Peter Elliott; Claire Rice; Sabino Scolletta; Pierpaolo Giomarelli; Salvatore Mario Romano; David M Linton
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK.
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