Document Detail


Hemodynamic Characteristics of Cyanotic Adults with Single-ventricle Physiology without Fontan Completion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22891795     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE.: The aim of the current study is to describe the long-term clinical and hemodynamic characteristics of adult patients with single-ventricle physiology who have not undergone the Fontan operation and consequently have remained cyanotic. DESIGN.: Adult patients at the Ahmanson/UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center with non-Fontan single-ventricle physiology who had undergone cardiac catheterization between 2005 and 2011 were included. Echocardiographic and cardiac catheterization data were reviewed. RESULTS.: Mean estimated single ejection fraction was 56 ± 8%. Eight of 13 subjects had documented E/E' data with a mean of 6.44. Seven subjects had both A' and E' data documented, of which two subjects exhibited A' > E'. Mean ventricular end-diastolic pressure (MVEDP) was 15.77 ± 4.91 mm Hg, and was >12 mm Hg in eight of the 13 patients (62%). MVEDP was also analyzed by age, and in the single-ventricle patients was 13.55 ± 4.12 mm Hg in those <50 years of age, compared with 20.75 ± 1.89 mm Hg in those >50 years of age (P = .003). MVEDP prior to inhaled pulmonary vasodilator administration was 14.75 ± 5.5 mm Hg, compared to 15.00 ± 6.78 mm Hg in the postvasodilator group (P = .48). Subjects with end-diastolic pressure (EDP) <12 had a mean brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) of 108 ± 197 pg/mL, while subjects with EDP >12 had a mean BNP of 234.5 ± 127.36 pg/mL (P = .11) CONCLUSIONS.: Cyanotic adult single-ventricle patients not palliated with Fontan completion have preserved single-ventricle systolic function but develop elevated ventricular filling pressure with increasing age. Only invasive hemodynamic measurements demonstrated elevated ventricular filling pressures, while traditional echo/Doppler criteria for diastolic dysfunction were not met. Aging with cyanotic single-ventricle physiology is associated with a greater degree of filling pressure elevations than in the general population. Single-ventricle patients with EDP >12 exhibited markedly elevated BNP compared to those with normal EDP.
Authors:
Faysal G Saab; Jamil A Aboulhosn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Congenital heart disease     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1747-0803     ISO Abbreviation:  Congenit Heart Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256510     Medline TA:  Congenit Heart Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Calif, USA.
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