Document Detail

Hemodialysis treatment in patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy: an epidemiological study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17994447     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To analyze hemodialysis (HD) treatment of patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) from five endemic villages in the South Morava Region of Serbia. Analyses of patterns of incidence may generate hypotheses about the underlying causes of BEN, and prevalence data provide information on the current and likely future burden on health services for managing BEN. METHODS: A total of 143 end-stage kidney disease patients (ESKD) with BEN were admitted to the renal replacement program from 1974 to 2004: 121 to HD, 15 peritoneal dialysis, and 7 kidney transplantation. As a control group, 117 patients with other kidney disease (chronic pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, and ischemic nephropathy) admitted to HD at the time of BEN patients and matched by age and gender were studied. RESULTS: Most of the BEN patients (93.4%) treated by HD were born from 1917 to 1941. The majority of patients (79.3%) started HD from 1977 to 1991 (period of 15 years). The mean age of BEN patients starting HD treatment was 49.1 years in the period from 1974 to 1978, and increased steadily in the following years, being 72.5 years in the last period of study (2004-2006) The mean survival time of BEN males was 4.70 (95% CI 3.66-5.75) and for females was 5.02 (95% CI 1.47-4.53). Difference between males and females was not statistically significant (log rank 0.14, p = 0.7, P > 0.5). Mean survival times of 4.84 (95% CI 3.97-5.70) in BEN patients and 3.1 (95% CI 2.78-3.84) in other kidney disease patients were found. Difference between BEN patients and controls was statistically significant (log rank 8.38, p = 0.0038, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The population of endemic villages around the South Morava River admitted to HD treatment after 1974 was exposed to environmental toxicant(s) from 1917 to 1941. The most intense effect of environmental exposure was in that period, with ESKD in patients in their forties. The exposure to environmental toxicants has diminished, so ESKD of BEN has become less frequent and manifested in the older age, mean 72.5 in the period from 2004 to 2006. Different type of exposure was registered in some other endemic regions in Serbia and abroad.
Rade Cukuranovic; Ivan Jovanovic; Sladjana Miljkovic; Natalija Stefanovic; Slobodan Vlajkovic; Miomir Prokopovic; Vladisav Stefanovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Renal failure     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0886-022X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ren Fail     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-12     Completed Date:  2008-01-17     Revised Date:  2008-05-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701128     Medline TA:  Ren Fail     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  805-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Medicine, Nis, Serbia.
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MeSH Terms
Balkan Nephropathy / epidemiology*,  mortality,  therapy
Middle Aged
Renal Dialysis*
Sex Factors
Yugoslavia / epidemiology

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