Document Detail

Hemivertebra: prenatal diagnosis, incidence and characteristics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15692206     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Hemivertebra is a rare congenital spinal anomaly where only one side of the vertebral body develops, resulting in deformation of the spine, such as scoliosis, lordosis, or kyphosis. We aimed to determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of hemivertebra. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present three fetuses with a prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis of hemivertebra at 15-22 weeks' gestation, and we determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of hemivertebra among 78,500 live-born infants at a tertiary medical center in Israel. RESULTS: There were 26 cases of hemivertebra (0.33/1,000 live-born infants): male/female ratio 1/1, Jewish/Arab ratio 10/16, and ratio of single/multiple type of hemivertebrae 17/9. Twenty-three out of 26 infants (88.5%) with hemivertebra had additional congenital anomalies (cranial, cardiac, renal, intestinal, and skeletal). CONCLUSIONS: Hemivertebra is not an infrequent finding in fetuses and live-born infants. Comprehensive ultrasonographic screening of the fetus allows early prenatal diagnosis of hemivertebra, and provides parents with helpful information for their decision regarding the fate of pregnancy.
Israel Goldstein; Imad R Makhoul; Amir Weissman; Arie Drugan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fetal diagnosis and therapy     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1015-3837     ISO Abbreviation:  Fetal. Diagn. Ther.     Publication Date:    2005 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-04     Completed Date:  2005-06-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107463     Medline TA:  Fetal Diagn Ther     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Medical Center, and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Gestational Age
Israel / epidemiology
Prenatal Diagnosis*
Spine / abnormalities*,  radiography,  ultrasonography
Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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