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Hematologic, immunologic reconstitution, and outcome of 342 autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantations after cryopreservation in a -80°C mechanical freezer and preserved less than 6 months.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22804351     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Controlled-rate freezing and storage in nitrogen is the standard technique for cryopreservation of peripheral hematopoietic progenitor cells (PHPCs) but presents high cost and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) toxicity. Cryopreservation at -80°C, by uncontrolled rate freezing with only 3.5% DMSO, preserves the functional capacities of PHPCs, produces successful engraftment, and reduces toxicity during infusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Long-term hematopoietic and immunologic reconstitution for 342 autografts (311 adults, 31 children) after PHPCs were cryopreserved at -80°C was studied at 3, 6, and 12 months. The median (range) storage time of PHPCs cryopreserved was 1.7 (0.1-5.99) months. RESULTS: Hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cells, and platelets (PLTs) reach normal values to trilineage at 12 months for 39% patients. Multivariate analysis shows a significant impact on CD34+ infused and on conditioning regimen for PLTs. Hb was influenced by growth factor administration at 3 months. Long-term recovery is also highly dependent on blood counts (Hb, PLT, and neutrophil) at start of high-dose chemotherapy. Only 43% of patients had reached normal lymphocyte values at 12 months after transplant, and a profound CD4+ T-lymphocyte deficit remained, as others reported. CONCLUSION: Transplantation with PHPCs cryopreserved at -80°C for no more than 6 months is satisfactory for long-term hematopoietic and immunologic reconstitution, even if a profound CD4+ T lymphocyte deficit persists at 1 year. This easier and cheaper cryopreservation method also leads to successful engraftment.
Authors:
Laure Calvet; Aurélie Cabrespine; Nathalie Boiret-Dupré; Etienne Merlin; Catherine Paillard; Marc Berger; Jacques-Olivier Bay; Olivier Tournilhac; Pascale Halle
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transfusion     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1537-2995     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417360     Medline TA:  Transfusion     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 American Association of Blood Banks.
Affiliation:
From the Department of Clinical Hematology and Cell Therapy, EA3846, CIC 501, Auvergne University; Hematology Laboratory; Regional Center of Pediatric Oncology and Cellular Therapy, CIC 501, Center of Biotherapy of Auvergne; and Cell Bank CIC 501, CHU Estaing, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
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