Document Detail


Helmet versus active repositioning for plagiocephaly: a three-dimensional analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20837585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Orthotic helmets and active repositioning are the most common treatments for deformational plagiocephaly (DP). Existing evidence is not sufficient to objectively inform decisions between these options. A three-dimensional (3D), whole-head asymmetry analysis was used to rigorously compare outcomes of these 2 treatment methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Whole-head 3D surface scans of 70 infants with DP were captured before and after treatment by using stereophotogrammetric imaging technology. Helmeted (n=35) and nonhelmeted/actively repositioned (n=35) infants were matched for severity of initial deformity. Surfaces were spatially registered to a symmetric template, which was deformed to achieve detailed right-to-left point correspondence for every point on the head surface. A ratiometric asymmetry value was calculated for each point relative to its contralateral counterpart. Maximum and mean asymmetry values were determined. Change in mean and maximum asymmetry with treatment was the basis for group comparison. RESULTS: The helmeted group had a larger reduction than the repositioned group in both maximum (4.0% vs 2.5%; P=.02) and mean asymmetry (0.9% vs 0.5%; P=.02). The greatest difference was localized to the occipital region. CONCLUSIONS: Whole-head 3D asymmetry analysis is capable of rigorously quantifying the relative efficacy of the 2 common treatments of DP. Orthotic helmets provide statistically superior improvement in head symmetry compared with active repositioning immediately after therapy. Additional studies are needed to (1) establish the clinical significance of these quantitative differences in outcome, (2) define what constitutes pathologic head asymmetry, and (3) determine whether superiority of orthotic treatment lasts as the child matures.
Authors:
Angelo B Lipira; Shayna Gordon; Tron A Darvann; Nuno V Hermann; Andrea E Van Pelt; Sybill D Naidoo; Daniel Govier; Alex A Kane
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  126     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-05     Completed Date:  2010-10-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e936-45     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Box 8238, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. lipiraa@wusm.wustl.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cephalometry
Head Protective Devices*
Humans
Infant
Orthotic Devices*
Photogrammetry
Plagiocephaly, Nonsynostotic / pathology,  radiography,  therapy*
Posture*
Skull / pathology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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