Document Detail

Helical computed tomographic angiography of the normal canine pancreas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16700178     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Helical abdominal computed tomography (CT) was performed in nine normal beagle-mix dogs. Following cephalic vein injection of ionic iodinated contrast medium via power injector (rate 5 ml/s) dual-phase CT was performed in all dogs. A delayed scan was performed in five dogs between 5 and 13 min after the contrast medium injection. The median time of appearance of contrast medium in the aorta and gastroduodenal artery was 6.3 and 7 s, post start injection and 12 and 12.2 s in the gastroduodenal and portal vein, resulting in a purely arterial pancreatic time window of 5-6s. Pancreatic veins and parenchyma remained enhanced until the end of the dynamic scan (40s). The pancreatic parenchyma showed heterogeneous arterial and homogenous venous contrast enhancement which was slightly hypoattenuating compared to the liver. Delayed scans provided best delineation of the pancreas from the liver. The common bile duct could be identified ventral and to the right of the portal vein joining the dorsomedial aspect of proximal duodenum. Because of the very short time window and variable onset of pure arterial enhancement careful planning of dual-phase studies with previous dynamic CT is recommended. Dual-phase CT angiography enables assessment of the arterial supply, parenchymal perfusion and venous drainage of the canine pancreas.
Ana V Cáceres; Allison L Zwingenberger; Erin Hardam; José M Lucena; Tobias Schwarz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1058-8183     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Radiol Ultrasound     Publication Date:    2006 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-16     Completed Date:  2006-06-01     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209635     Medline TA:  Vet Radiol Ultrasound     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  270-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Studies and Pathobiology, the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, 3900 Delancey Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6010, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Arteries / physiology
Contrast Media
Dogs / anatomy & histology*
Hepatic Artery / physiology
Pancreas / anatomy & histology,  blood supply,  radiography*
Reference Values
Tomography, Spiral Computed / veterinary
Veins / physiology
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contrast Media

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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