Document Detail


Heavy metals in aerosols over the seas of the Russian Arctic.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12699915     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A review of the data on heavy metals in aerosols over the seas of the Russian Arctic is presented. Results of heavy metal studies in aerosols obtained during 11 research expeditions in summer/autumn period from 1991 to 2000, and at Severnaya Zemlya and Wrangel Island in spring, in 1985-1989 are discussed. Concentrations of most heavy metals in the atmosphere in the marine boundary layer in the Russian Arctic are nearly of the same order as literature data from other Arctic areas. The content of heavy metals in the aerosols over the seas of the Russian Arctic shows an annual variation with maximal concentrations during the winter/spring season. In the summer/autumn period increased concentrations of heavy metals could be explained, in most cases, by natural processes (generation of sea salt aerosols, etc.). In some cases, aerosols from Norilsk and Kola Peninsula were detected. Particular attention was paid to estimation of horizontal and vertical fluxes of atmospheric heavy metals. We estimated annual variations in long-range transport of heavy metals into the Russian Arctic in 1986-1995. In winter and spring, up to 50% of the average air pollutant concentrations in the Russian Arctic are due to the Arctic atmospheric pollution itself. Moreover, the monthly and annual averaged fluxes of six anthropogenic chemical elements (arsenic, nickel, lead, vanadium, zinc and cadmium) onto the surface in the Arctic were estimated, and the values obtained were in reasonable agreement with the literature data available.
Authors:
V Shevchenko; A Lisitzin; A Vinogradova; R Stein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  306     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2003 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-17     Completed Date:  2003-05-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
P P Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 36, Nakhimovsky Prospekt, 117997, Moscow, Russia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerosols / chemistry*
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Arctic Regions
Environmental Monitoring
Metals, Heavy / analysis*
Russia
Seasons
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols; 0/Air Pollutants; 0/Metals, Heavy

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