Document Detail

Heartburn correlated to 24-hour pH monitoring and radiographic examination of the esophagus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9382045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Study relationship of gastroesophageal reflux disease to findings on radiographic examination of the esophagus. METHODS: We correlated heartburn (HB) in 360 patients (174 women; 186 men; mean age, 53 yr) to results of pH monitoring (pHM) and radiographic examination of the esophagus. Radiographic findings were categorized as normal (n = 129), hiatal hernia (HH) only (n = 173), reflux esophagitis (n = 50), or peptic stricture (n = 8) (ES; 58). Abnormal pHM was defined as total percentage of esophageal acid exposure time (pH < 4) of 6% or greater. RESULTS: pHM was abnormal in 41 (31%) of 132 patients with HB versus 54 (24%) of 228 without the symptom (p > 0.05). Radiographic correlation showed abnormal pHM in only 21 (16%) of 129 patients with a normal esophagus, 52 (30%) of 173 with HH, and 22 (38%) of 58 with ES, which was significantly lower for those with a normal esophagus. In 132 patients with HB, those with normal esophagus had lower abnormal pHM (2 of 38; 5%) compared with patients with HH (24 of 64; 38%) or with ES (15 of 30; 50%) (p < 0.05). In the 228 patients without HB, abnormal pHM was found in 19 (21%) of 91 with a normal esophagus, 28 (26%) of 109 with HH, and 7 (25%) of 28 with ES (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: (1) pHM findings did not correlate with presence or absence of HB; (2) pHM is usually normal in patients with normal esophagus on RE; (3) pHM is also usually normal in patients with HB and normal esophagus on RE; and (4) pHM is often normal in patients with radiographic findings of reflux esophagitis or peptic stricture.
D J Ott; C M McManus; M S Ledbetter; M Y Chen; D W Gelfand
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0002-9270     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  1997 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-11-12     Completed Date:  1997-11-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421030     Medline TA:  Am J Gastroenterol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1827-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Esophageal Stenosis / complications,  diagnosis
Esophagitis, Peptic / complications,  diagnosis
Esophagus / metabolism*,  radiography*
Gastroesophageal Reflux / complications,  radiography
Heartburn / etiology*,  metabolism*,  radiography
Hernia, Hiatal / complications,  diagnosis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Physiologic*

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