Document Detail


Heart rate variability of recently concussed athletes at rest and exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15292731     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess the neuroautonomic cardiovascular regulation in recently concussed athletes at rest and in response to low-moderate steady-state exercise, using heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS: A 5-min ECG sample was taken at rest from the 14 concussed athletes at 1.8 (+/- 0.2) days postinjury and again at 5 d later. Once asymptomatic at rest, the concussed athletes and their matched controls (N = 14) participated in an exercise protocol. The protocol consisted of a 2-min warm-up with a pedaling frequency between 50 and 60 rpm against a load of 40 W. After the warm-up, the athletes engaged in a low-moderate intensity steady state 10-min exercise bout where the pedaling frequency and load increased to 80-90 rpm and 1.5 W x kg(-1) body weight, respectively. The protocol was repeated 5 d later. A 5-min ECG sample from minutes 4 to 9 of the low-moderate intensity steady state exercise bout was used to assess HRV during exercise. Mixed model ANOVA were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: No difference at rest was detected between the concussed athletes and their matched controls in any of the HRV variables measured. However, across both exercise tests, the concussed group demonstrated a significant decrease in the mean RR interval, and low- and high-frequency power (P < 0.05) in relation to their matched controls. CONCLUSION: Low-moderate steady-state exercise elicits a neuroautonomic cardiovascular dysfunction in concussed athletes that is not present in a rested state. This dysfunction alludes to an exercise induced uncoupling between the autonomic and cardiovascular systems.
Authors:
Brent Gall; Wade Parkhouse; David Goodman
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-04     Completed Date:  2004-10-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1269-74     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
School of Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Brain Concussion / physiopathology*
British Columbia
Case-Control Studies
Electrocardiography
Exercise / physiology*
Heart Rate*
Humans
Male

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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