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Heart rate variability during caregiving and sleep after massage therapy in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23361061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth impairs the infant's stress response due to interruption of autonomic nervous system (ANS) development. Preterm infants demonstrate a prolonged and aberrant sympathetic response to stressors. ANS development may be promoted by massage therapy (MT), which has been shown to improve stress response in preterm infants. AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare preterm infant ANS function and stress response during sleep and caregiving epochs, as measured by heart rate variability (HRV), after two weeks of twice-daily MT. STUDY DESIGN: A subset of participants from a larger randomized, masked, controlled trial was used. SUBJECTS: Twenty-one infants (8 males and 13 females) from a larger study of 37 medically stable preterm infants were studied. The infants were receiving full volume enteral feedings with a mean post-menstrual age of 31.4 (MT) and 30.9 (control) weeks. OUTCOME MEASURES: Low to high frequency (LF:HF) ratio of HRV was the outcome of interest. RESULTS: There was a significant group×time×sex interaction effect (p<.05). Male control infants demonstrated a significant decline in LF:HF ratio from baseline to the second caregiving epoch, suggesting decreased mobilization of sympathetic nervous system response when exposed to stressors. Male MT infants demonstrated increased LF:HF ratio during caregiving and decreased LF:HF ratio during sleep epochs, suggesting improved ANS function, although this was not statistically significant. LF:HF ratio was similar in female MT and female control infants during caregiving and sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Control males had decreased HRV compared to MT males. There was no difference in HRV between MT and control females.
Authors:
Sandra L Smith; Shannon Haley; Hillarie Slater; Laurie J Moyer-Mileur
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University of Louisville, School of Nursing, Louisville, KY, United States. Electronic address: slsmit51@louisville.edu.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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