Document Detail


Heart rate and reaction times for mentally retarded and nonretarded adults in subject- and experimenter-initiated tasks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6650583     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Reaction time (RT) and heart-rate measures were obtained for 10 retarded (mean IQ = 65) and 10 nonretarded young adults. Each subject initiated half of the trials themselves. The other half were initiated by the experimenter. These trials were distributed over preparatory intervals of 2-, 4-, and 8-second durations. We found that all subjects, when initiating the trial themselves, reduced both mean RT and response variability. Heart-rate patterns were similar for both intelligence groups on experimenter-initiated trials, but were markedly different when subjects initiated the trials themselves. Results suggest that self-initiated trials may benefit retarded subjects by overcoming some attentional problems, but difficulties with utilizing successful response strategies remain.
Authors:
J P Gardepe; D Runcie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of mental deficiency     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0002-9351     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Ment Defic     Publication Date:  1983 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-01-27     Completed Date:  1984-01-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372647     Medline TA:  Am J Ment Defic     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  314-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Arousal*
Attention*
Female
Heart Rate
Humans
Intelligence
Male
Mental Retardation / psychology*
Reaction Time*
Set (Psychology)

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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