Document Detail

Heart rate-corrected QT interval and QT dispersion in patients with pulmonary hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19562296     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) and QTc dispersion (QTcd) are increased and associated with ventricular arrhythmia and an increase in sudden death in a variety of diseases. This study aimed to examine QTc and QTcd in pulmonary hypertension and assess their relationship with pulmonary arterial pressure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 201 patients who had undergone right heart catheterization for a preliminary diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension between December 2003 and July 2008 were included in the study. Resting 12-lead electrocardiogram was recorded. QT interval was measured manually and corrected using Bazett's formula. Patients were divided into groups with mild-to-moderate and severe pulmonary hypertension and a control group according to mean pulmonary arterial pressure. RESULTS: In all observed cases, mean QTc was higher in severe pulmonary hypertension than in controls (428.6 +/- 32.8 ms vs. 411.1 +/- 28.4 ms, P = 0.018) and QTcd was higher in mild-to-moderate (60.1 +/- 17.2 ms) and severe pulmonary hypertension (63.9 +/- 20.5 ms) than in controls (47.3 +/- 10.6 ms) (P = 0.031; P = 0.004). In men, there was no significant difference in mean QTc and QTcd. In women, mean QTc was higher in severe pulmonary hypertension than in controls (436.1 +/- 39.4 ms vs. 407.6 +/- 24.8 ms, P = 0.037) and QTcd was higher in severe pulmonary hypertension (68.5 +/- 20.9 ms) than in both the controls (45.1 +/- 12.6 ms) and patients with mild-to-moderate pulmonary hypertension (58.6 +/- 14.7 ms) (P = 0.002; P = 0.003). In addition, in women with pulmonary hypertension, mean QTc and QTcd were positively correlated to mean pulmonary arterial pressure (r = 0.207, P = 0.03; r = 0.236, P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: In women with pulmonary hypertension, mean QTc and QTcd are positively correlated to mean pulmonary arterial pressure and are significantly increased in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension.
Zhang Hong-liang; Luo Qin; Liu Zhi-hong; Zhao Zhi-hui; Xiong Chang-ming; Ni Xin-hai; He Jian-guo; Wei Ying-jie; Zhang Shu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Wiener klinische Wochenschrift     Volume:  121     ISSN:  0043-5325     ISO Abbreviation:  Wien. Klin. Wochenschr.     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-29     Completed Date:  2009-09-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  21620870R     Medline TA:  Wien Klin Wochenschr     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  330-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Fuwai Hospital & Cardiovascular Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Body Mass Index
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology
Heart Rate / physiology*
Hypertension, Pulmonary / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Long QT Syndrome / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Wedge Pressure / physiology
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted*
Tachycardia, Ventricular / diagnosis,  physiopathology

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