Document Detail

Heart rate as an index of stress response in alcohol administration research: a critical review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8214418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Heart rate has been a widely used measure in experimental investigations of alcohol and stress. Meaningful interpretations from this measure, however, may be threatened due to methodological problems. This article critically reviews alcohol administration studies that have utilized heart rate as an index of stress response. Potential confounds stemming from the use of heart rate are identified and suggestions for its future use are presented. Implications for high-risk studies are discussed. It is concluded that (a) the amount of time provided for the absorption of an alcohol or placebo beverage is highly correlated with postdrink heart rate change, (b) the magnitude of this postdrink heart rate change is highly associated with the probability of finding a subsequent stress response dampening effect, and (c) offspring of alcoholics appear to manifest a heightened heart rate response to alcohol, which may account for apparent enhanced stress response dampening effects among these subjects.
M A Sayette
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0145-6008     ISO Abbreviation:  Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-23     Completed Date:  1993-11-23     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7707242     Medline TA:  Alcohol Clin Exp Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  802-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / physiopathology,  psychology*
Alcoholic Beverages / adverse effects
Alcoholism / genetics,  physiopathology,  psychology
Arousal / drug effects*,  physiology
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Heart Rate / drug effects*,  physiology
Placebo Effect
Stress, Psychological / complications*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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