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Heart rate as an independent risk factor in patients with multiple organ dysfunction: a prospective, observational study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22048696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To study the association between baseline heart rate and outcome in patients with multiple organ dysfunction (MODS) as well as the course of heart rate over the first 4 days during MODS. METHODS: Prospective observational study in 89 patients with MODS, defined as an APACHE-II score ≥20. Baseline heart rate (HR(0)) was determined over a 60-minute period at the time of MODS diagnosis. 28-day all-cause mortality was the primary endpoint of the study, a fall of the APACHE-II score by 4 points or more from day 0 to day 4 constituted the secondary endpoint. Hazard ratios for heart rate of 90 beats per minute (bpm) or greater relative to less than 90 bpm were calculated using Cox proportional hazards model and adjusted for confounding variables. RESULTS: Median baseline heart rate was 83 bpm in survivors and 92 bpm in non-survivors (p = 0.048). 28-day mortality was 32 and 61% in patients with HR(0) < 90 bpm and HR(0) ≥ 90 bpm, respectively. The adjusted hazard ratio for 28-day mortality was 2.30 (95% confidence interval 1.21-4.36, p = 0.001) for HR(0) ≥ 90 bpm relative to HR(0) < 90 bpm. No correlation was found between baseline heart rate and the secondary endpoint. From day 0 to day 4, heart rate remained elevated in all patients, as well as in survivors and non-survivors. CONCLUSIONS: A heart rate ≥90 bpm at the time of MODS diagnosis is an independent risk factor for increased 28-day mortality. As in patients with cardiovascular conditions such as coronary heart disease or chronic heart failure, heart rate might constitute a target for heart rate-lowering therapy in the narrow initial treatment window of MODS.
Robert S Hoke; Ursula Müller-Werdan; Christine Lautenschläger; Karl Werdan; Henning Ebelt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical research in cardiology : official journal of the German Cardiac Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1861-0692     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264123     Medline TA:  Clin Res Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Medicine, Halle (Saale) University Hospital, Ernst-Grube-Str. 40, 06097, Halle (Saale), Germany,
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