Document Detail


Heart period sensitivity to forced oscillations in ventilatory pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20414672     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Heart rate variability analysis is a dynamic method to estimate the autonomic control over the cardiac cycle. Although dysfunction in this control system may appear spontaneously, other deficits may require provocation of the system. In this article we describe a non-invasive method to perturb the autonomic influences on the cardiac cycle. We recorded the ECG and respiratory pressure of ten healthy volunteers while introducing a random forced oscillation pressure wave onto spontaneous respiration. The heart period time series was determined and the power spectra for the 0.05-0.15, 0.15-0.3 and 0.05-0.4 Hz bands were calculated. The random input did not alter mean heart rate. However, the segments with the forced oscillation input demonstrated, on average, a tenfold increase in spectral power averaged across all subjects, with a maximum observed effect of 100-fold increase in power. This increase in power correlated with the respiratory frequency. This study demonstrates that random noise ventilation, such as used in respiratory forced oscillation impedance estimates, significantly alters the autonomic input to cardiac cycle variability in wake subjects.
Authors:
S R Quint; B V Vaughn
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2010-04-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-12     Completed Date:  2010-12-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, UNC-CH School of Medicine and NCSU College of Engineering, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. quint@bme.unc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Autonomic Nervous System / physiology*
Electrocardiography
Heart / innervation*
Heart Rate*
Humans
Male
Oscillometry
Pressure
Pulmonary Ventilation*
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Time Factors
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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