Document Detail

Heart failure caused by toxoplasmosis in a fennec fox (Fennecus zerda).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15533972     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A male fennec fox (Fennecus zerda) kit was examined for lethargy, inappetence, and weight loss. Clinical findings included respiratory distress, a gallop rhythm, and retinochoroiditis. Radiography indicated pleural effusion and cardiomegaly. Echocardiographic findings included left ventricular dilatation, low left ventricular ejection fraction, and atrioventricular valvular regurgitation. Necropsy findings were compatible with a diagnosis of congestive heart failure caused by myocarditis. Histopathology showed a disseminated infection with Toxoplasma gondii causing myocarditis, skeletal polymyositis, gastrointestinal myositis, and panuveitis. Toxoplasma-induced myocarditis should be included in the differential diagnosis of heart failure and retinochoroiditis in the fennec fox.
Jack J Kottwitz; Diane E Preziosi; Margaret A Miller; Jose A Ramos-Vara; David J Maggs; John D Bonagura
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1547-3317     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc     Publication Date:    2004 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-11-09     Completed Date:  2007-08-13     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415027     Medline TA:  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  501-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65201, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Diagnosis, Differential
Fatal Outcome
Foxes / parasitology*
Heart Failure / parasitology,  radiography,  veterinary*
Toxoplasma / isolation & purification
Toxoplasmosis, Animal / complications*,  diagnosis,  radiography

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