Document Detail


Hearing screening of infants in Neonatal Unit, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16156907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this prospective study was to report on the prevalence of hearing impairment in the neonatal unit population. From 15 February 2000 to 15 March 2000 and from 15 February 2001 to 15 May 2001, 401 neonates were screened using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) followed by second-stage screening of those infants who failed the initial test. Eight (2 per cent) infants failed one ear and 23 (5.74 per cent) infants failed both ears, adding up to 7.74 per cent planned for second-stage screening. Five out of 22 infants who came for the follow up failed the screening, resulting in a prevalence of hearing impairment of 1 per cent (95 per cent confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.0-2.0). Craniofacial malformations, very low birth weight, ototoxic medication, stigmata/syndromes associated with hearing loss and hyperbilirubinaemia at the level of exchange tranfusion were identified to be independent significant risk factors for hearing impairment, while poor Apgar scores and mechanical ventilation of more than five days were not. In conclusion, hearing screening in high-risk neonates revealed a total of 1 per cent with hearing loss. The changes in the risk profile indicate improved perinatal handling in a neonatal population at risk for hearing disorders.
Authors:
M D Mohd Khairi; S Din; H Shahid; A R Normastura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of laryngology and otology     Volume:  119     ISSN:  0022-2151     ISO Abbreviation:  J Laryngol Otol     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-13     Completed Date:  2005-12-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706896     Medline TA:  J Laryngol Otol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  678-83     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kelantan, Malaysia. khairi@kck.usm.my
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation / methods
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Hearing Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Malaysia / epidemiology
Male
Neonatal Screening / methods*
Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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