Document Detail


Hearing loss prevalence in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22714855     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic degenerative disease that impairs normal insulin production and use. DM chronic auditory complications may include spiral ganglion atrophy, degeneration of the vestibulocochlear nerve myelin sheath, reduction of the number of spiral lamina nerve fibers, and thickening of the capillary walls of the stria vascularis and small arteries. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to verify the hearing thresholds of individuals with type 1 DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients were enrolled in this trial and divided into case and control groups featuring diabetic and non-diabetic subjects respectively. All individuals were interviewed and underwent physical examination, ENT examination, and audiometric tests. RESULTS: Statistically significant difference was observed in hearing thresholds of case group subjects at 250, 500, 10,000, 11,200, 12,500, 14,000 and 16,000 Hz for both ears and ear average. Case group subjects had higher likelihood of having hypacusis at any frequency regardless of ear than controls. CONCLUSION: Statistically significant differences were seen in the audiological findings of case group subjects when compared to controls. Thorough audiological examination including high frequency audiometry is required for subjects with diabetes mellitus type 1.
Authors:
Diego Augusto Malucelli; Fernanda Justus Malucelli; Vinicius Ribas Fonseca; Bianca Zeigeboim; Angela Ribas; Fabiano de Trotta; Thanara Pruner da Silva
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1808-8686     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101207337     Medline TA:  Braz J Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  105-115     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Serviço de Otorrinolaringologista, Hospital da Cruz Vermelha.
Vernacular Title:
Estudo da prevalência de hipoacusia em indivíduos com diabetes mellitus tipo 1.
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