Document Detail

Hearing conservation in industry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7164430     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Noise-induced hearing loss is a major and entirely preventable public health problem. Effective prevention of this disorder has yet to be achieved in the United States but would improve the overall hearing health of the population more than the treatment of all other otologic disorders combined. Losses that are mild to moderately severe and maximal at 3, 4 or 6 kHz are typical but not pathognomonic. Individual differences in susceptibility are substantial but unpredictable. Hearing conservation programs are now required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration for almost all employees whose daily exposure to noise exceeds a time-weighted average of 85 dBA (A-weighted sound pressure level). The permitted exposure level is 90 dBA time-weighted average, above which engineering or administrative controls or hearing protectors are required. Workers with lesser exposures (85 to 90 dBA time-weighted average) who have hearing changes must be similarly protected. Many, but not all, elements of required hearing conservation programs have been specified recently by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Medical supervision and otologic referral are important components of hearing conservation programs because otologic problems other than noise-induced hearing loss are common in industrial populations. Compensation for noise-induced hearing loss, which is awarded through state workers' compensation boards, as well as certain federal sources, varies widely.
R A Dobie
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Western journal of medicine     Volume:  137     ISSN:  0093-0415     ISO Abbreviation:  West. J. Med.     Publication Date:  1982 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-04-07     Completed Date:  1983-04-07     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410504     Medline TA:  West J Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  499-505     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / prevention & control*
Noise, Occupational / adverse effects
Occupational Diseases / prevention & control*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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