Document Detail

Hearing Status in Adult Individuals with Lifetime, Untreated Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24398366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ObjectiveTo evaluate the hearing status of growth hormone (GH)-naive adults with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) belonging to an extended Brazilian kindred with a homozygous mutation in the GH-releasing hormone receptor gene.Study DesignCross-sectional.SettingDivisions of Endocrinology and Otorhinolaryngology of the Federal University of Sergipe.Subjects and MethodsTwenty-six individuals with IGHD (age, 47.6 ± 15.1 years; 13 women) and 25 controls (age, 46.3 ± 14.3 years; 15 women) were administered a questionnaire on hearing complaints and hearing health history. We performed pure-tone audiometry, logoaudiometry, electroacoustic immittance, and stapedial reflex. To assess outer hair cell function in the cochlea, we completed transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs). To assess the auditory nerve and auditory brainstem, we obtained auditory brainstem responses (ABRs).ResultsMisophonia and dizziness complaints were more frequent in those with IGHD than in controls (P = .011). Patients with IGHD had higher thresholds at 250 Hz (P = .005), 500 Hz (P = .006), 3 KHz (P = .008), 4 KHz (P = .038), 6 KHz (P = .008), and 8 KHz (P = .048) and mild high-tones hearing loss (P = .029). Stapedial reflex (P < .001) and TEOAEs (P = .025) were more frequent in controls. There were no differences in ABR latencies. Hearing loss in patients with IGHD occurred earlier than in controls (P < .001).ConclusionCompared with controls of the same area, subjects with untreated, congenital lifetime IGHD report more misophonia and dizziness, have predominance of mild high-tones sensorineural hearing loss, and have an absence of stapedial reflex and TEOAEs.
Valéria M Prado-Barreto; Roberto Salvatori; Ronaldo C Santos Júnior; Mariane B Brandão-Martins; Eric A Correa; Flávia B Garcez; Eugênia H O Valença; Anita H O Souza; Rossana M C Pereira; Marco A P Nunes; Jeferson S D'Avila; Manuel H Aguiar-Oliveira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-1-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6817     ISO Abbreviation:  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508176     Medline TA:  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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