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Hearing Outcomes in Stapes Surgery: A Comparison of Fat, Fascia, and Vein Tissue Seals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034513     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ObjectiveTo compare short- and long-term hearing results following stapedectomy using 3 different oval window grafting materials with the same stapes prosthesis.Study DesignDatabase review.SettingTertiary referral private practice.Subjects and MethodsSubjects were ears that underwent stapedectomy for otosclerosis, with placement of fat, fascia, or vein as an oval window seal and reconstruction with a titanium bucket handle prosthesis. A total of 365 procedures met these inclusion criteria: 98 fat grafts, 135 fascia grafts, and 132 vein grafts. Outcome measures included short-term (<1 year) and long-term follow-up air-bone gap. We compared the preoperative and postoperative amount of change in air-bone gap and preoperative and postoperative amount of change in the high-frequency bone conduction average.ResultsOverall median times to short-term and long-term follow-ups were 2.2 months and 36.1 months, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the 3 tissue seal groups in the amount of change in air-bone gap. There was no significant difference in amount of change in high-frequency bone conduction (representing sensorineural hearing level) between the 3 tissue seal groups. Most patients in all 3 groups had an air-bone gap at long-term follow-up of ≤10 dB (fat, 79.5%; fascia, 78.8%; and vein, 75.6%), with 90.3% of all patients at ≤20 dB.ConclusionsIn both the short-term postoperative period and long-term follow-up, there were no significant differences in hearing results among 3 types of tissue seals of the oval window in stapes surgery. Fat, fascia, and vein grafts all provide satisfactory hearing outcomes in stapedectomy.
Authors:
Richard J Wiet; Robert A Battista; R Mark Wiet; Andrew T Sabin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6817     ISO Abbreviation:  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508176     Medline TA:  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The Ear Institute of Chicago, Hinsdale, Illinois, USA.
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