Document Detail

Health surveillance mechanisms used by armed forces worldwide.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15646196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Health surveillance is an essential tool in monitoring health in an armed force and in helping to protect the health of service personnel. This study used a literature search and direct contacts with individual countries to identify and evaluate health surveillance mechanisms used by armed forces worldwide. The study identified several health surveillance mechanisms ranging from periodic health assessments of personnel to complex databases of medical data linked to demographic and other supporting data. Essential elements of an effective health surveillance system are outlined, including the requirement that systems are adequately supported and allow the routine monitoring of health at the population level consistently throughout an armed force and consistently during times of peace and during operations. Areas for further research and development include linking of data on hazardous exposures, jobs and the locations of personnel with medical data, and the follow-up of personnel beyond their military service.
Alexander C Capleton; Hemantha Wickramatillake; Lesley Rushton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  169     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-13     Completed Date:  2005-02-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1005-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Medical Research Council Institute for Environment and Health, University of Leicester, 94 Regent Road, Leicester, LE1 7DD, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Health Status*
Military Medicine / methods*
Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
Population Surveillance / methods*
United Nations
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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