Document Detail


Health and safety in clinical laboratory practice in Ibadan, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10497649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The economic implications of safety precautions in laboratory practice make compliance difficult especially for laboratories in countries with poor economies. However, economic factors are not the only determinants of a safe work environment. Worker's perception of health and safety also influence compliance with safety guidelines. This study was conducted to determine the attitude and practice of laboratory workers with regard to safety. A structured questionnaire was administered to laboratory workers in 10 clinical laboratories. The questionnaire inquired about the use of protective equipment, safe work practices and immunization status of workers. Another questionnaire sought information on safety codes, accident records and first aid facilities in each laboratory. Questionnaires were coded and analysed. Ninety out of 106 laboratory workers (85%) responded to the inquiry. Unsafe work practices such as eating or drinking in laboratories and mouth pipetting of biological samples were practised by 41% and 10% of workers, respectively. Ninety percent of workers used white coats while 64% used gloves when handling biological samples. None of these workers used goggles or face shields in the course of their work. Fifty-one percent had received immunisation against tuberculosis, 73% against tetanus and 16% against hepatitis B. Thirty-seven percent of senior staff and 72% of junior staff did not receive any formal safety training. Accident records and first aid facilities were absent in most laboratories. The commonest health problem reported by workers was low back pain. The poor coverage of hepatitis B immunization among health care workers in an endemic area is currently a cause for concern among medical and paramedical staff. There is a need for education programmes to increase awareness on safety. Occupational health workers in this setting face the challenge of promoting safe work practices among workers in the face of the lack of funding and apathy among poorly paid junior workers.
Authors:
F O Omokhodion
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  African journal of medicine and medical sciences     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0309-3913     ISO Abbreviation:  Afr J Med Med Sci     Publication Date:    1998 Sep-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-19     Completed Date:  1999-10-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801013     Medline TA:  Afr J Med Med Sci     Country:  NIGERIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  201-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Attitude of Health Personnel*
Female
First Aid
Guideline Adherence / organization & administration
Guidelines as Topic
Health Education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Humans
Immunization
Laboratory Personnel / education*,  psychology*
Male
Middle Aged
Needs Assessment
Nigeria
Occupational Health*
Protective Clothing
Questionnaires
Safety Management / organization & administration*
Urban Health

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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