Document Detail

Health risks of thallium in contaminated arable soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater from a sulfuric acid plant in western Guangdong province, China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23321363     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Thallium (Tl) contamination in soils poses a significant threat to human health due to the high toxicity of Tl and its ready assimilation by crops. Consumption of food crops contaminated with Tl is a major food chain route for human exposure. The health risks of Tl in contaminated food crops irrigated with wastewater from a sulfuric acid factory were investigated in this paper. Results indicate that long-term Tl-containing wastewater irrigation resulted in Tl contamination of arable soils and crops. The pollution load index values indicated that the arable soils were moderately enriched with Tl. Tl was highly accumulated in the crops. The content of Tl in the edible plant portions of crops ranged from 1.2 mg/kg to 104.8 mg/kg, exceeding the recommended permissible limits for food crops. The daily intake of metals (DIM) values of Tl for both adults and children via the consumption of the food crops except soya beans were higher than the reference oral dose (RfD) limit recommend by the United States environmental protection agency (US-EPA). Health risk index (HRI) values were generally higher than 1, indicating that health risks associated with Tl exposure are significant and assumed to be dangerous to the health of local villagers. Therefore, much attention should be paid to avoid consumption of these Tl-contaminated crops that can cause great potential risks.
Chunlin Wang; Yongheng Chen; Juan Liu; Jin Wang; Xiangping Li; Yongbo Zhang; Yimin Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-01-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology and environmental safety     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1090-2414     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-26     Completed Date:  2013-06-07     Revised Date:  2013-06-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805381     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicol Environ Saf     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  76-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Environmental Science Research Center, Guangdong Provincial Academy of Environmental Science, Guangzhou 510045, China.
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MeSH Terms
Crops, Agricultural / chemistry*
Food Chain*
Food Contamination*
Industrial Waste*
Metals, Heavy / toxicity
Risk Assessment
Soil / chemistry
Soil Pollutants / toxicity*
Sulfuric Acids / chemistry
Thallium / toxicity*
Waste Water / chemistry,  toxicity*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Industrial Waste; 0/Metals, Heavy; 0/Soil; 0/Soil Pollutants; 0/Sulfuric Acids; 0/Waste Water; 7440-28-0/Thallium; O40UQP6WCF/sulfuric acid
Erratum In:
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2013 Jun;92:327-8

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