Document Detail


Health risk assessment of PCDD/F emissions from a hazardous and medical waste incinerator in Turkey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15337348     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A multimedia risk assessment procedure was conducted to determine the fate and transport of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDD/F) emissions from the Izmit Hazardous and Medical Waste Incinerator (IZAYDAS) in Turkey and their potential health risks. Congener concentrations in ambient air and their deposition rates were determined by an air dispersion model (ISCST3). Their transfer to some plant groups and animal tissues was predicted by food chain modeling. Exposure scenarios were produced based on three receptor groups (urban, semiurban, and rural) and five subgroups determined according to ages. Daily intakes of PCDD/Fs via exposure pathways were determined based on three different emission scenarios for each group and subgroup. Estimated incremental PCDD/F doses caused by the incinerator emissions in central-tendency scenario were computed as between 2.31 x 10(-6) and 0.008 pg TEQ kg(-1) bodyweight (bw) day(-1) on average for all the receptors other than infants in all the settings, while the range was 3.01 x 10(-5)-0.081 pg TEQ kg(-1) bw day(-1) for infants. Sensitivity analysis showed that the consumption of vegetal products and their locally grown fractions are the most significant parameters in the exposure to PCDD/Fs in the area.
Authors:
Aykan Karademir
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environment international     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0160-4120     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Int     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-31     Completed Date:  2004-12-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807270     Medline TA:  Environ Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1027-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Kocaeli, Kocaeli, Turkey. aykan@kou.edu.tr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Air Movements
Benzofurans / adverse effects*,  analysis
Child
Child, Preschool
Environmental Monitoring
Female
Food Chain*
Food Contamination
Humans
Incineration*
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Medical Waste Disposal*
Middle Aged
Models, Theoretical*
Risk Assessment
Soil Pollutants / adverse effects*,  analysis
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin / analogs & derivatives*
Turkey
Vegetables
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzofurans; 0/Medical Waste Disposal; 0/Soil Pollutants; 0/chlorinated dibenzofurans; 0/polychlorodibenzo-4-dioxin; 1746-01-6/Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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