Document Detail


Health risk assessment of dioxin emissions from municipal waste incinerators: the Neerlandquarter (Wilrijk, Belgium).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11372884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two municipal waste incinerators in the vicinity of a residential area close to the city of Antwerp caused concern to local habitants. Risk assessment was performed combining chemical, toxicological measurements and model calculations. As the first step in risk assessment an inventory was made of historic emissions from both incinerators with emphasis on dioxins. The operational atmospheric transport and deposition model for priority substances (OPS) was used to calculate the deposition of dioxins in the vicinity of incinerators. The observed soil contamination pattern did not correspond to the calculated deposition pattern, indicating that other sources may contribute at least partly to the local PCDD/PCDF contamination of the area. Dioxin exposure of people in the Neerlandquarter as a function of the food consumption behavior was calculated using a mathematical model (VLIER-HUMAAN) combined with transfer factors. According to the results of these calculations, just residing in the impact area does not result in a meaningful risk. Only if locally produced food was consumed (milk, meat and vegetables), exposure in the Neerlandquarter was enhanced compared to the average dioxin exposure estimated for the Flemish population. Exposure in 1997 was below the exposure in 1980. As a consequence of different eating habits and lower bodyweight, children are subjected to significantly higher exposure than adults. Adverse health outcomes from dioxin exposure in the past cannot be excluded. There was no evidence for enhanced exposure to genotoxicants based on a comparison of chromosomal damage to blood cells of children from the study area to those from a control group.
Authors:
J Nouwen; C Cornelis; R De Fré; M Wevers; P Viaene; C Mensink; J Patyn; L Verschaeve; R Hooghe; A Maes; M Collier; G Schoeters; R Van Cleuvenbergen; P Geuzens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemosphere     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0045-6535     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemosphere     Publication Date:    2001 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-24     Completed Date:  2001-09-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320657     Medline TA:  Chemosphere     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  909-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Flemish Institute for Technological Research (Vito), Mol, Belgium. johan.nouwen@vito.be
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollutants / adverse effects,  analysis*
Belgium
Body Weight
Child
Chromosome Aberrations / chemically induced
Chromosome Disorders
Dioxins / adverse effects,  analysis*
Environmental Exposure*
Environmental Monitoring
Food Contamination
Humans
Incineration
Public Health
Refuse Disposal*
Risk Assessment
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Dioxins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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