Document Detail


Health-related quality of life as a predictor of mortality among community-dwelling older persons.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17216549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures predict cause-specific mortality, but few studies have explored whether generic self-reported HRQOL measures are independently associated with mortality in community-dwelling older persons. We postulated that a general measure of HRQOL, the short form 36-item questionnaire (SF-36), would be independently predictive of mortality among community-dwelling older persons. To evaluate this hypothesis, we followed a fixed cohort of 4,424 community-dwelling older persons recruited from a 2000 population-based survey in Taiwan until 2003 and investigated whether HRQOL was predictive of 3-year mortality, even after adjusting for traditional clinical risk variables. The data were collected via a door-to-door survey, and interviewers collected information on the subjects' demographics, medical history, utilization of health services, functional ability, falls, and self-reported physical and mental symptoms. Of the 6053 eligible subjects, 4,424 residents agreed to participate in the baseline survey and were contacted in 2003. During the 3-year period, the 3-year cumulative mortality rate for the study population was 5%. Mortality was significantly higher among males (5.57% vs. 4.27%, p = 0.049), and cumulative mortality increased with age (chi (2)-test for trend; chi (2) = 7.734, p = 0.001). For all scales except bodily pain, there was a significant relationship between a 10-point lower baseline score and mortality. Our primary multivariate risk model, which included two summary measures of HRQOL and significant clinical variables, demonstrated that a 10-point decrease in either the baseline Physical Component Summary (PCS) score or the baseline Mental Component Summary (MCS) score was associated with higher mortality (PCS: RR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.39-1.83; p < 0.001; MCS: RR: 1.16, 95% CI: 1.01-1.34; p = 0.036). The findings suggested that low baseline PCS and MCS scores were important independent risk factors for 3-year mortality among community-dwelling older persons, even after adjusting for other risk factors.
Authors:
Su-Ying Tsai; Lin-Yang Chi; Chen-Hsen Lee; Pesus Chou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-01-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of epidemiology     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0393-2990     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Epidemiol.     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-02     Completed Date:  2007-05-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508062     Medline TA:  Eur J Epidemiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health Management, I-Shou University, No. 1 Sec. 1 Syuecheng Rd., Dashu Township, Kaohsiung Country 840, Kaohsiung, Taiwan ROC. sytsai@isu.edu.tw
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cohort Studies
Female
Geriatric Assessment / statistics & numerical data
Health Services / utilization
Humans
Male
Mortality*
Quality of Life*
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Taiwan / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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