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Health outcomes among infants born to women deployed to United States military operations during pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21319279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Military professionals who deploy to combat operations may encounter hazards that could adversely affect reproductive health. Pregnant woman are generally exempt from deployment to military operations, however, exposures to such environments may inadvertently occur. We investigated whether maternal deployment during pregnancy was associated with adverse health outcomes in infants. METHODS: The United States Department of Defense Birth and Infant Health Registry identified infants born to military service women between 2002 and 2005, and defined their health outcomes at birth and in the first year of life. Multivariable modeling was applied to investigate preterm birth and birth defects among infants, based on maternal deployment experience during pregnancy. RESULTS: Among 63,056 infants born to military women from 2002 to 2005, 22,596 were born to women with deployment experience in support of the current military operations before, during, or after their pregnancy. These included 2941 infants born to women who appeared to have been deployed some time during their first trimester of pregnancy. Compared to infants born to women who deployed at other times, or never deployed, exposed infants were not more likely to be born preterm, diagnosed with a major birth defect, or diagnosed with a malignancy. CONCLUSIONS: In this exploratory analysis, infants born to women who inadvertently deployed to military operations during their pregnancy were not at increased risk of adverse birth or infant health outcomes. Future analyses should examine outcomes related to specific maternal exposures during deployment, and outcomes among the growing number of infants conceived after deployment. Birth Defects Research (Part A),2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Authors:
Margaret A K Ryan; Isabel G Jacobson; Carter J Sevick; Tyler C Smith; Gia R Gumbs; Ava Marie S Conlin;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Birth defects research. Part A, Clinical and molecular teratology     Volume:  91     ISSN:  1542-0760     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101155107     Medline TA:  Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  117-124     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
United States Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, Camp Pendleton, California. margaret.ryan@med.navy.
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