Document Detail

Health benefits of fruits and vegetables.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22797986     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fruits and vegetables are universally promoted as healthy. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 recommend you make one-half of your plate fruits and vegetables. also supports that one-half the plate should be fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables include a diverse group of plant foods that vary greatly in content of energy and nutrients. Additionally, fruits and vegetables supply dietary fiber, and fiber intake is linked to lower incidence of cardiovascular disease and obesity. Fruits and vegetables also supply vitamins and minerals to the diet and are sources of phytochemicals that function as antioxidants, phytoestrogens, and antiinflammatory agents and through other protective mechanisms. In this review, we describe the existing dietary guidance on intake of fruits and vegetables. We also review attempts to characterize fruits and vegetables into groups based on similar chemical structures and functions. Differences among fruits and vegetables in nutrient composition are detailed. We summarize the epidemiological and clinical studies on the health benefits of fruits and vegetables. Finally, we discuss the role of fiber in fruits and vegetables in disease prevention.
Joanne L Slavin; Beate Lloyd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2012-07-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.)     Volume:  3     ISSN:  2156-5376     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-16     Completed Date:  2012-12-10     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101540874     Medline TA:  Adv Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  506-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiovascular Diseases / diet therapy
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diet therapy
Dietary Fiber / analysis
Energy Intake
Food Analysis
Fruit / chemistry*,  metabolism
Minerals / analysis
Nutrition Policy*
Practice Guidelines as Topic*
Vegetables / chemistry*,  metabolism
Vitamins / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

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