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Health Benefits of Physical Activity during Pregnancy: An International Perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22895379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT: While early studies on the effects of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) during pregnancy were concerned about possible harm to the mother or fetus, these fears have not been substantiated. Instead, a growing body of literature has documented several health benefits related to pregnancy LTPA. The purpose of this paper was to synthesize evidence from epidemiological studies conducted in the United States, Canada and Scandinavia on the benefits of LTPA and exercise during pregnancy with regards to maternal health, pregnancy outcomes, and child health. We focused on studies evaluating relations between pregnancy LTPA and gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, excessive gestational weight gain, birth weight, timing of delivery, and child body composition. The bulk of evidence supports beneficial effects of pregnancy LTPA on each outcome; however, the majority of previous studies have been observational and utilized self-reported LTPA at only one or two time-points in pregnancy. Limitations of the current knowledge base and suggestions for future research on the health benefits of LTPA during pregnancy are provided.
Authors:
Lanay M Mudd; Katrine M Owe; Michelle F Mottola; James M Pivarnik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA 2Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway. 3Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Children's Health Research Institute, R. Samuel McLaughlin Foundation-Exercise and Pregnancy Laboratory, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.
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