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Headache attributed to arteritis, cerebral venous thrombosis, and other vascular intracranial disturbances.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20816454     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Headache with variable characteristics and associated signs and symptoms may occur in all forms of arteritis. Giant cell arteritis, one of the most common forms, involves branches of the external and, more rarely, of the internal carotid arteries. It occurs in patients over the age of 50 and is characterized by fever, new-onset headache, prominence and tenderness of the temporal artery, claudication of the masticatory muscles on chewing, amaurosis fugax, and visual loss. Headache is the initial symptom in 48% of patients and is present in 90%. Primary central nervous system angiitis is a rare and highly fatal disease in which headache is one of the most frequent symptoms despite the fact that, given its non-specific characteristics, it is of little diagnostic relevance. Headache may also be attributed to several secondary central nervous system arteritides such as Behçet's disease, Takayasu disease, polyarteritis nodosa, Kawasaki disease, Wegener's granulomatosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and vasculitits caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, rickettsiae, and protozoa. Thrombosis of the cerebral veins and sinuses is a distinct cerebrovascular disorder that, unlike arterial stroke, most often affects young adults and children. Headache is the most frequent but least specific symptom of venous sinus thrombosis, being present in more than 90% of patients. Headache can also be attributed to other vascular intracranial disorders such as cerebral autosomal-dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), benign (or reversible) angiopathy of the central nervous system, and pituitary apoplexy.
Antonio Carolei; Simona Sacco
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Handbook of clinical neurology / edited by P.J. Vinken and G.W. Bruyn     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0072-9752     ISO Abbreviation:  Handb Clin Neurol     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0166161     Medline TA:  Handb Clin Neurol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  529-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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