Document Detail

Head shape measurement standards and cranial orthoses in the treatment of infants with deformational plagiocephaly.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18754893     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This review aims to determine how head shape is measured and describes the use of orthoses in the management of deformational plagiocephaly. A systematic review was conducted and papers published in English up to and including 2006 were sourced from nine databases. After initial screening, 20 papers were included; three literature reviews and 17 original papers. Of the original papers, eight concerned the method of head shape measurement. Measurements are important in determining clinical classification and treatment modality of deformational plagiocephaly. All studies were appraised and assigned a level of evidence according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Methodological quality was inadequate. Publications involving the use of cranial orthoses used convenience samples, were not blinded, and used different measurement techniques. No comparison groups were included and participants were not randomized. Evidence suggests that conservative treatments might reduce skull deformity although the quality is poor. Clinical studies investigating the use of cranial orthoses reported beneficial effects. Further research is required to identify the efficacy of cranial orthoses in the treatment of deformational plagiocephaly based on a standardized measurement technique to facilitate classification of this condition.
Anthony McGarry; Melville T Dixon; Robert J Greig; David R L Hamilton; Sandra Sexton; Heather Smart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental medicine and child neurology     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0012-1622     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Med Child Neurol     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-29     Completed Date:  2008-09-26     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0006761     Medline TA:  Dev Med Child Neurol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  568-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
The National Centre for Prosthetics and Orthotics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Head / abnormalities*
Orthotic Devices*
Plagiocephaly, Nonsynostotic / therapy*
Reference Values
Supine Position

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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