Document Detail

Head and neck melanoma in the sentinel lymph node era.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18025316     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether, in the era of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy, head and neck melanoma (HNM) has a poorer outcome than melanomas at other sites (OMS). DESIGN: Prospective database, 1994 to 2004. Characteristics and outcomes of patients with HNM vs those with OMS were analyzed by Fisher test, paired t test, and chi(2) test. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: A total of 755 patients with melanoma who had undergone SLN biopsy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Differences between patients with HNM and those with OMS. RESULTS: A total of 17.4% of patients had HNM vs 82.6% with OMS. There was a male HNM preponderance: 68.7% vs 50.3% for females (P < .01). Patients with HNM were older (mean [SD] age, 57.1 [16.6] years vs 53.3 [16.2] years; P < .01). There were fewer cases of superficial spreading melanoma in patients with HNM (29.0% vs 53.7%; P < .01). There were more diagnoses of lentigo maligna in patients with HNM (26.0% vs 1.9%; P < .01). The mean thickness of the primary lesion was 2.32 (1.9) mm vs 2.31 (2.9) mm; P = .49. Fewer patients with HNM had Clark level involvement lower than level IV (13.3% vs 24.0%; P < .01). More SLNs were harvested from patients with HNM (3.72 [3.2] vs 2.89 [2.6]; P < .01), but a lower percentage of positive SLNs was found (9.2% vs 16.0%; P < .05). There was no difference in local, regional, or distant recurrence (5.3%, 6.9%, and 5.3%, respectively, in patients with HNM and 3.4%, 5.5%, and 6.7%, respectively, in patients with OMS). The 2- and 5-year survival rates for patients with HNM were 96.2% and 72.6%, respectively, vs 93.6% and 79.0%, respectively, in patients with OMS (P = .40). CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with HNM are older males with more SLNs harvested. They do not seem to have poorer outcome than patients with OMS.
Doreen M Agnese; Rebecca Maupin; Bryan Tillman; Rodney D Pozderac; Cynthia Magro; Michael J Walker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery     Volume:  133     ISSN:  0886-4470     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-20     Completed Date:  2007-12-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603209     Medline TA:  Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1121-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Surgery, Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, The Ohio State University, 410 W 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Databases, Factual
Disease-Free Survival
Head and Neck Neoplasms / mortality*,  pathology*,  therapy
Melanoma / mortality*,  pathology*,  therapy
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Staging
Retrospective Studies
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy*
Survival Rate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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