Document Detail

Head injury mortality in the Nordic countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17263678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries. Effective management planning for these patients requires knowledge of TBI epidemiology. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the development of TBI mortality in the Nordic countries during the period 1987-2001. Data on TBI deaths were retrieved from the national official statistical agencies according to specified diagnostic codes. We also collected data on the number of operations for acute TBI in the year 2000 from all Nordic hospitals admitting trauma patients. Finland had about twice as high a TBI mortality rate as the other countries. Similarly, the Finnish incidence of acute TBI operations was nearly twice that of the other countries. The median TBI death rate for Finland was 21.2 per 100,000 per year, and for Denmark, Norway, and Sweden 11.5, 10.4, and 9.5, respectively. There were more male than female deaths in all countries. The mortality rate from extracranial injuries was relatively equal between the countries. We observed a sizeable reduction in TBI mortality rates for all countries, except in Finland. Younger age groups had the most pronounced decrease in TBI mortality rates. The oldest age group had the least favorable development of TBI mortality rates, and the mean age of TBI casualties increased substantially during the study period. This study demonstrates considerable differences in and between the Nordic countries regarding TBI mortality. Preventive measures and implementation of regional guidelines are needed to assure a positive development in the future.
Terje Sundstrøm; Snorre Sollid; Tore Wentzel-Larsen; Knut Wester
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurotrauma     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0897-7151     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurotrauma     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-31     Completed Date:  2007-03-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8811626     Medline TA:  J Neurotrauma     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurosurgery, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child, Preschool
Craniocerebral Trauma / mortality*,  surgery,  therapy
Data Collection
Denmark / epidemiology
Finland / epidemiology
Hospitals / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Neurosurgical Procedures / utilization
Norway / epidemiology
Poisson Distribution
Regression Analysis
Sex Factors
Sweden / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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