Document Detail

Head circumference and long-term outcome in small-for-gestational age infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18598125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To assess risk factors for the growth and development of small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants whose birth weight was less than the 10(th) percentile. PATIENTS AND METHODS: SGA infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from 1995 to 1998 were enrolled in the study. Fifty-six SGA infants, having no chromosomal abnormalities, inherited diseases, TORCH infections, major anomaly and/or multiple birth, were divided into 34 asymmetrical and 22 symmetrical SGA infants by >or= or <10(th) percentile head circumference (HC) at birth. The physical growth including HC, and the developmental quotient (DQ) and intelligent quotient (IQ) scores were evaluated up to 6 years of age. RESULTS: Symmetrical SGA infants had lower levels of weight, height and HC, but not of total DQ at 3 years or IQ scores at 6 years of age than asymmetrical SGA infants. The 21 SGA infants who had a HC less than the 10(th) percentile at 1 year of age (non-catch-up group) showed lower total DQ (mean 96 vs. 105) and IQ (82 vs. 102) scores than 34 SGA infants who had not (catch-up group). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that psychomotor development of SGA infants depended on the HC at 1 year of age rather than that at birth.
Masayuki Ochiai; Hideki Nakayama; Kazuo Sato; Kouichi Iida; Shunji Hikino; Shouichi Ohga; Kiyomi Tsukimori; Norio Wake; Kouji Masumoto; Tomoaki Taguchi; Toshiro Hara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatal medicine     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0300-5577     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinat Med     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-07     Completed Date:  2008-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361031     Medline TA:  J Perinat Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development / physiology*
Head / anatomy & histology*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age / physiology*
Intelligence / physiology*
Prospective Studies
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*

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