Document Detail


Hazard from intense low-frequency acoustic impulses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3771928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It was predicted that because the ear is spectrally tuned, it should be most affected by intense impulses with spectral peaks near the frequency where it is tuned best (3.0 kHz for the human ear) and progressively less affected by impulses at lower frequencies [G.R. Price, Scand. Audiol. Suppl. 16, 111-121 (1982)]. This prediction is counter to all the DRCs for impulse noise; therefore an adequate test is essential. In order to augment the data on hearing loss to low-spectral-frequency impulses, three groups of cats (eight, nine, and ten animals) were exposed on one occasion to 50 impulses from a 105-mm howitzer at peak SPLs of 153, 159, and 166 dB. Threshold shifts were measured electrophysiologically on the day of exposure (CTS) and following a 2-month recovery period (PTS). Maximum PTSs appeared at 4 kHz (even though the spectral peak of the impulse had been at about 100 Hz), and CTSs recovered into PTSs about half as large. Furthermore, for group data, even small CTSs tended to have a permanent component. These data raise the question as to whether or not any threshold shift persisting an hour or two after exposure to high levels should be considered tolerable. When compared with data from rifle fire exposures, the data confirmed the earlier prediction that as the spectral frequency drops, hazard declines at the rate of a little more than 3 dB/oct, contrary to the rating by existing DRCs.
Authors:
G R Price
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  1986 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-12-05     Completed Date:  1986-12-05     Revised Date:  2006-12-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1076-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustics
Animals
Auditory Fatigue
Auditory Threshold*
Cats
Female
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / etiology
Male
Noise / adverse effects*

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